In this week’s edition of TIME Magazine, Jay Newton-Small explores why America has become the largest exporter of sperm.It cites various factors, mostly involving laws and quality control. It says Sweden, Austria, and the United Kingdom abolished anonymous donations and that fair-haired donors are preferred, even in South America, Africa and Asia. Israel requires non-Jewish sperm for its Jewish women, as Judaism is passed down through the mother. Mediterranean women come to the USA for sperm, if their own country frowns upon single motherhood. Top donors can be paid $500.
While it would be hard for foreign offspring to claim U.S. citizenship -- unless their genetic fathers helped them -- it's possible that sperm-donor fathers might be forced to take responsibility for them.Is this the future of fatherhood?
"Someone could show up -- say, a 16-year-old whose parents died in France," says Arthur Caplan, a bioethicist at the University of Pennsylvania. "He may know his sperm father and say, 'I think you should support me.' American courts decide [such] issues to the child's best interest. They're not interested in promises from sperm banks. It may not make the child a citizen, but it sure makes the donor a dad."